How is PID treated?

It can be hard for your doctor to figure out if you have PID. Symptoms can be mild and are like symptoms of some other diseases. If you think that you may have PID, see a doctor right away. If you are treated right away, you'll be less likely to have long-term problems, such as infertility.

If you have pain in your lower abdomen (stomach area), your doctor will perform a physical exam. This will include a pelvic (internal) exam, which will help your doctor learn more about your pain. Your doctor will check for:

  • abnormal vaginal or cervical discharge
  • lumps near your ovaries and tubes
  • tenderness or pain of your pelvic organs

Your doctor will also give you tests for STDs, urinary tract infection, and if needed, pregnancy. Your doctor also might test you for HIV and syphilis.

If needed, your doctor may do other tests:

  • Ultrasound (sonogram) – a test that uses sound waves to take pictures of the pelvic area
  • Endometrial (uterine) biopsy – a small piece of the endometrium (the inside lining of the womb) is removed and tested
  • Laparoscopy – a small tube with a light inside is inserted through your abdomen (stomach area) to look at your pelvic organs

These tests will help your doctor find out if you have PID or if you have a different problem that looks like PID.