Can bacterial vaginosis cause medical problems?

In most cases, BV doesn't cause any problems. But some problems can happen if BV is left untreated.

  • Pregnancy problems. BV can cause premature delivery and low birth weight babies (less than five pounds).

  • PID. Pelvic inflammatory disease or PID is an infection that can affect a woman's uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes, which carry eggs from the ovaries to the uterus. Having BV increases the risk of getting PID after a surgical procedure, such as a hysterectomy or an abortion. PID can lead to Infertility.

  • Higher risk of getting other STDs. Having BV can increase the chances of getting other STDs, such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, and HIV. Women with HIV who get BV increase the chances of passing HIV to a sexual partner.

Information is provided by:  The National Women's Health Information Center which is Sponsored by the Office on Women's Health in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services