Adoption

If infertility is a problem for you, another option you might want to consider is adoption. Adopting a baby or child can be one of the most rewarding experiences of your life. There are so many babies, children, and adolescents in the United States and around the world who need a family. Some of these are healthy infants, and many are children with special needs, including physical, emotional, or mental disabilities. If you do adopt a child with special needs, there are both federal and state sources of financial assistance available to help support you with the cost of the child's care.

There are two types of adoptions — open and closed.

With an open adoption, the birth mother, and possibly the birth father, know something about the adoptive parents. They might even meet and exchange names or addresses.

In a closed adoption, the birth mother and adoptive parents do not meet each other or know each others' names.

The laws of each state differ on whether after a period of time, the files of a closed adoption can be opened later to reveal this information. State laws also differ on whether adoptions can be handled by an adoption agency or independently (such as through a doctor, lawyer, counselor or independent organization). Most adoption agencies carefully screen and study the adoptive parents.